Presentable activities as well as the existence of self-organisations, such as the “Verein Roma Oberwart” [Association Roma Oberwart], the “Kulturverein österreichischer Roma” [Cultural Association of Austrian Roma] and “Romano Centro”, were indispensable prerequisites for reaching the most important goal of the young Roma movement: recognition as an ethnic/linguistic minority, as the sixth Austrian ethnic group. Legal recognition came into effect on 16 December 1993. However, the scope of minority protection and legal status guaranteed by Austria’s Ethnic Group Act (Volksgruppengesetz) – protection, promotion and preservation of culture and language – was only accorded to autochthonous Roma, to those who had lived in Austria for generations.
Over the thirty years of its existence, the Austrian Roma movement has achieved a lot. Expectations are now being placed in the young Roma generation: better educated, it is in their hands to secure – self-assured and confident of their identity – the continued existence and future of their ethnic group.