Alfreda Noncia Markowska is a Polish-Romani woman who survived the Romani Holocaust (Phorrajmos) during the Second World War, and is known for saving fifty Jewish and Romani children from death. Born in a Polska Roma tabor (mobile camp) to a travelling family, she was the only survivor of the murder of her whole extended family, including her parents and siblings, by the Nazis in 1941. She and her husband managed to repeatedly escape from Nazi German captivity and the Roma ghettoes in Lublin, Lodz and Belzen, after which she managed to secure a permit for working on the railway, in Rozwadow, a Nazi labour camp for Roma. She would then travel to sites where massacres had taken place in order to look for survivors, hide them in her home and obtain forged documents for them. She was awarded the Commander’s Cross with Star, of the Order of Polonia Restituta in 2006, for her heroic, humanitarian acts.